Zoning

Nature reserves must be divided into zones, as these are required by the IUCN’s guidelines and because they help maintain clear spatial and temporal distinctions for future measures. The zoning is based on the results of analyses and developmental possibilities, the necessary measures and the proposed uses. As a consequence, the Wilderness Dürrenstein is divided into the following zones:

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Natural Zone:

In the natural zone no measures are being implemented (with the exception of game regulation). Visitors can see parts of this zone during guided tours. About 88% of the wilderness area belongs to this zone.

Nature zone with silvicultural management:

In the natural zone with silvicultural management, secondary spruce forests are being transformed into mixed forest with large deciduous populations, within a limited time span. Less than 5% of the total area of the Wilderness Dürrenstein need to receive this treatment.

Alpine/wooded pasture management zones:

In the alpine and wooded pasture management zones, grazing is still carried out for conservation purposes, to the extent it was previously possible. Many rare species of plants and insects maintain their habitats on the pastures, such as the black grouse and ptarmigan. The limestone grassland management zone serves the same purpose. About 7% of the Wilderness Dürrenstein is made up of these significantly anthropogenic influenced habitats.

Zone for visitor management:

Along a small section of the wilderness area’s western border, a zone was established that caters to visitors’ needs. This area is less than 1% of the entire reserve.

Wildlife management zone:

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Natural predators such as lynx or golden eagle only appear occasionally in the nature reserve. To preserve the natural coexistence of forest and game it is necessary to regulate the ungulate population (red deer, roe deer and chamois), according to ecological considerations. As a result, the wildlife management zone was established as part of the Wilderness Dürrenstein. This zone spans about 25 % of the entire area.